Реферат по произведению «капитанская дочка» на тему «любовь на страницах повести Пушкина» покидайте ссылки

02 сентября 2012

реферат по произведению «капитанская дочка» на тему «любовь на страницах повести Пушкина» покидайте ссылки пожалуйста

  • Как это часто бывает, через судьбы простых, обыкновенных людей прокладывает себе путь история. И эти судьбы становятся ярким «цветом времени». Кто же является главным героем в «Капитанской дочке» Александра Сергеевича Пушкина? Представитель народной мысли и-народного дела Пугачев? Независимый, свободный в своих отношениях к Пугачеву Гринев? Честный капитан Миронов и его жена? Их дочь Маша? А может, сам народ? 

    В «Капитанской дочке» сокровенная мысль гораздо глубже и значительнее. Да, Пушкин как бы скрывается за образом повествователя, русского офицера, современника Пугачевского восстания, не только свидетеля, но и участника исторических событий. Но мне кажется, что за исторической канвой ни в коей мере нельзя забывать и о человеческих отношениях, о силе и глубине чувств людей. Все в повести полно милосердием. Пугачев должен был помиловать Гринева, потому что однажды Гринев разглядел человека в Пугачеве и не может уже забыть этого Пугачев. Любит и слезно жалеет Марью Ивановну, сироту, у которой не осталось никого близкого во всем мире, Гринев. Любит и спасает своего рыцаря от ужасной участи бесчестия Марья Ивановна. 

    Велика сила любви! Как точно и кратко описывает автор состояние капитана Гринева, когда тот, тревожась за судьбу Марьи Ивановны, вошел в комендантский дом. Быстрым взглядом Гринев охватил жуткую картину разгрома: « Все было пусто; стулья, столы, сундуки были переломаны; посуда перебита, все растаскано». В светлице Марьи Ивановны все перерыто; Гринев представил ее в руках пугачевцев: «Сердце сломалось… Я громко произнес имя моей любезной». В короткой сценке небольшим количеством слов переданы сложные чувства, которые охватили молодого героя. Мы видим и страх за любимую, и готовность спасти Машу во что бы то ни стало, и нетерпение узнать о судьбе девушки, и переход от отчаяния к трезвому спокойствию. 

    Мы знаем, что и капитан Гринев, и Маша — лица вымышленные, но без них мы не могли бы представить Пугачева, наши знания о жизни XVIII века были бы бедны. И тогда у нас не возникли бы те мысли о чести, человеческом достоинстве, любви, самопожертвовании, какие появляются при чтении «Капитанской дочки». Гринев не оставил девушку в трудную минуту и отправился в Белогорскую крепость, занятую Пугачевым. У Маши состоялся разговор с Пугачевым, из которого тот узнал, что Швабрин ей не муж. Она сказала: «Он мне не муж. Я никогда не буду его женою! Я лучше решилась умереть, и умру, если меня не избавят». После этих слов Пугачев все понял: «Выходи, красная девица; дарую тебе волю». Маша видела перед собой человека, который был убийцей ее родителей, но в то же время и ее избавителем. От избытка противоречивых чувств она потеряла сознание. 

    Пугачев отпустил Гринева с Машей, сказав при этом: 

    * «Возьми себе свою красавицу; вези ее куда хочешь, и дай вам бог любовь да совет!» Родители Гринева хорошо приняли Машу: «Они видели благодать Божию в том, что имели случай приютить и обласкать бедную сироту. Вскоре они к ней искренно привязались, потому что нельзя было ее узнать и не полюбить». 

    Любовь Гринева к Маше уже не казалась его родителям «пустою блажью», они только и желали, чтобы их сын женился на капитанской дочке. Марья Ивановна, дочь Мироновых, оказалась достойной своих родителей. Она взяла у них самое лучшее: честность и благородство. Невозможно не сравнить ее с другими пушкинскими героинями: Машей Троекуровой и Татьяной Лариной. В них много общего: все они выросли в уединении на лоне природы, однажды полюбив, каждая из них осталась навсегда верной своему чувству. Только Маша Миронова не смирилась с тем, что уготовила ей судьба, а стала бороться за свое счастье. Прирожденные самоотверженность и благородство заставили девушку побороть робость и пойти искать заступничества у самой императрицы. Как мы знаем, она добилась оправдания и освобождения любимого человека. 

    Поистине, сила любви огромна.




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